How Are Kidney Stones Removed?

Kidney stones are among the most painful health issues anybody can face. One of the reasons why kidney stones are so painful is that they have to come out somehow. Fortunately, medical advancements are making kidney stones easier and less painful to deal with.

These are some of the kidney stone treatments you can expect if you receive a diagnosis.

Natural Passage

One of the best ways to treat small kidney stones is to let them pass without intervention. This can be painful, but it can also prevent you from being forced to deal with a serious recovery from surgery. If the stone is small enough, your doctor may recommend passing it naturally and collecting it for assessment.

Cystoscopy

Then, there is a procedure called cystoscopy, which involves taking a peek at the bladder and urethra. The goal is to find out where the kidney stone is so that your doctor can break up the stone with accuracy.

Shock Wave Lithotripsy

If the kidney is larger, your doctor may decide to break the stone into smaller pieces that can pass more easily. This is completed through a shock wave treatment called lithotripsy. When you go through this process, you will be given some anesthesia to control the pain. You will also be able to return home soon after the procedure. You may need more than one treatment.

Surgery

In some cases, the doctor will make an incision in the back to remove the kidney stones. The two common procedures are called ureterolithotomy and nephrolithotomy. Surgery can help remove stones that cannot pass through the system. The surgery takes a lot more time to heal from and can be a little more risky, so doctors try to rely on other methods as often as possible.

Prevention

If you are prone to kidney stones, one of the best things you can do is prevent the stones from returning. Staying hydrated is one of the best things you can do, as it can prevent kidney stones from forming. Certain medications are also beneficial for those who are prone to stones and have had several in quick succession.

Do You Think You Have Kidney Stones?

If you are in pain and think you have a kidney stone, you do not have to live in pain. Now is a good time to discuss your treatment options with your doctor. One of these treatments may work for you.

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